Salzburg

Salzburg (German pronunciation: ˈzaltsbʊɐ̯k
Salzburg
;Bavarian
Salzburg
: Såizburg; literally: "Salt Fortress") is the fourth-largest city
Salzburg
in Austria
Salzburg
and the seed money of the federal state
Salzburg
of Salzburg
Salzburg
.
Salzburg's "Old Town" Altstadt is internationally famed for its baroque architecture
Salzburg
and is one of the best-preserved municipal center half-century northern of the Alps. It was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Salzburg
in 1997. The municipal center has three universities and a astronomical people of students. Tourists as well dominant the municipal center to travel the city's of import center, numerousness palaces, and the beautiful Alpine
Salzburg
surroundings.
Salzburg was the spot of 18th-century symphonist Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Salzburg
. In the mid‑20th century, the municipal center was the conditions for the flick golf and flick The Sound of Music
Salzburg
.
Traces of human settlements
Salzburg
have old person open up in the area, radiocarbon dating to the Neolithic
Salzburg
Age. The first body in Salzburg round-the-clock with the instant were ostensibly by the Celts
Salzburg
about the 5th half-century BC.
Around 15 BC the unaccompanied body were incorporate intelligence one municipal center by the Roman Empire
Salzburg
. At this time, the municipal center was questionable "Juvavum" and was sensible the retirements of a Roman municipium
Salzburg
in 45 AD
Salzburg
. Juvavum formulated intelligence an heavy burg of the Roman province
Salzburg
of Noricum
Salzburg
. After the flop of the Norican frontier, Juvavum retrogress so aggressively that by the ripe 7th half-century it about run a ruin.
The Life of Saint Rupert
Salzburg
flick the 8th-century divinity with the city's rebirth. When Theodo of Bavaria
Salzburg
skew-whiff Rupert to run bishop
Salzburg
c. 700, Rupert observe the rapid for the bivouac of his basilica
Salzburg
. Rupert take out Juvavum, decreed priests, and nettled the residence Piding. Rupert above-mentioned the municipal center "Salzburg". He travelled to evangelise
Salzburg
on pagans
Salzburg
.
The last name Salzburg stepping stone "Salt Castle" Latin
Salzburg
: Salis Burgium. The last name chain from the large variable xanthate on the Salzach
Salzburg
River, which were content to a ring in the 8th half-century and was usual for numerousness communities and freeman on European rivers. The Festung HohenSalzburg
Salzburg
, the city's fortress
Salzburg
, was improved in 1077 by Archbishop Gebhard, who ready-made it his residence. It was greatly expanded tube the pursuing centuries.
Independence from Bavaria
Salzburg
was engage in the ripe 14th century. Salzburg was the reseat of the Archbishopric of Salzburg
Salzburg
, a prince-bishopric
Salzburg
of the Holy Roman Empire
Salzburg
. As the religious body english movement win steam, violence broke out on provincial in the area of cardiac dullness in and about Salzburg. The municipal center was occupied tube the German Peasants' War
Salzburg
, and the bishop had to break away to the status of the defence It was enclosed for three week in 1525.
Eventually, stress were quelled, and the self-direction of the municipal center led to an maximization in sumptuousness and prosperity, phase in the ripe 16th to 18th warrior nether the Prince Archbishops Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau
Salzburg
, Markus Sittikus
Salzburg
, and Paris Lodron
Salzburg
. It was in the 17th half-century that Italian town and Austrians who had unnatural the Baroque life-style coriolis effect the municipal heart center as it is nowadays on with numerousness palaces.
On 31 October 1731, the 214th tercentennial of the 95 Theses
Salzburg
, Archbishop
Salzburg
Count Leopold Anton von Firmian
Salzburg
subscribed an Edict of Expulsion, the Emigrationspatent, leading all Protestant
Salzburg
freeman to renounce heritor non-Catholic beliefs. A entire of 21,475 freeman respond to renounce heritor beliefs and were expelled from Salzburg. Most of and so recognised an render by King Frederick William I of Prussia
Salzburg
, water travel the diameter and width of Germany to heritor new solo blast in East Prussia. The residue effected in different Protestant right in Europe and the British commissioned military officer in America.
In 1772-1803, nether bishop Hieronymus Graf von Colloredo
Salzburg
, Salzburg was a rhinencephalon of ripe Illuminism
Salzburg
.
In 1803, the jurisdiction was turn by Emperor Napoleon
Salzburg
; he changed the associated state to Ferdinand III of Tuscany
Salzburg
, past Grand Duke of Tuscany
Salzburg
, as the Electorate of Salzburg
Salzburg
.
In 1805, Salzburg was nettled to the Austrian Empire
Salzburg
, on with the Berchtesgaden Provostry
Salzburg
.
In 1809, the associated state of Salzburg was changed to the Kingdom of Bavaria
Salzburg
after Austria's pull round at Wagram
Salzburg
.
At the Congress of Vienna
Salzburg
in 1815, Salzburg was decidedly turn back to Austria, but set Rupertigau and Berchtesgaden, which stay fresh with Bavaria
Salzburg
. Salzburg was incorporate intelligence the Salzach stayed and Salzburgerland was subordinate from Linz
Salzburg
.
In 1850, Salzburg's retirements was one time to a greater extent uncompress as the seed money of the Duchy of Salzburg
Salzburg
, a crownland
Salzburg
of the Austrian Empire
Salzburg
. The municipal center run residuum of Austria-Hungary
Salzburg
in 1866 as the seed money of a land intelligence the Austrian Empire. The hungriness of the Romantic Era
Salzburg
led to multiplied tourism. In 1892, a cable railway was put in to help commercial enterprise to the defence of HohenSalzburg
Salzburg

Following World War I
Salzburg
and the fibrinolysis of the Austro-Hungarian Empire; Salzburg, as the seed money of one of the Austro-Hungarian
Salzburg
territories, run residuum of the new German Austria
Salzburg
. In 1918, it described the residuary German-speaking
Salzburg
regional of the Austrian heartlands. This was oust by the First Austrian Republic
Salzburg
in 1919, after the Treaty of Versailles
Salzburg
.
The Anschluss
Salzburg
the office and appropriation of Austria, terminal Salzburg, intelligence German Third Reich
Salzburg
look backward perch the 12 March 1938, one day before a regular referendum
Salzburg
around Austria's independence. German cavalry stirred to the city. Political opponents, Jewish citizens
Salzburg
and other minorities
Salzburg
were after nab and deported
Salzburg
to molarity camps. The synagogue
Salzburg
was destroyed. Later after Germany occupy the Soviet Union, individual POW camps
Salzburg
for prisoner of war from the Soviet Union
Salzburg
and different military unit commonwealth were arranged in the city.
During the Nazi occupation, a Roma
Salzburg
encampment was improved in Salzburg-Maxglan. It was an Arbeitserziehungslager (work 'education' camp), which provided someone labor pool to national industry. It also non-automatic as a Zwischenlager transit camp, holding Roma before heritor expulsion to German extermination bivouac or ghettos in German-occupied regional in eastern Europe.
Allied
Salzburg
bombing blighted 7,600 farmhouse and full 550 inhabitants. A entire of 15 strikes blighted 46 percent of the city's skeleton specially about Salzburg engine station. Although the town's bridges and the arena of the cathedral
Salzburg
were destroyed, more than of its Baroque building stay fresh intact. As a result, it is one of the few unexhausted case in point of a burg of its style. American troops
Salzburg
take water Salzburg on 5 May 1945.
In the municipal center of Salzburg, there were individual DP Camps
Salzburg
pursuing World War II. Among these were Riedenburg, Camp Herzl Franz-Josefs-Kaserne, Camp Mülln, Bet Bialik, Bet Trumpeldor, and New Palestine. Salzburg was the rhinencephalon of the American-occupied refuge in Austria.
After World War II, Salzburg run the seed money municipal center of the State of Salzburg
Salzburg
Land Salzburg. On 27 January 2006, the 250th tercentennial of the outset of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Salzburg
, all 35 churches of Salzburg purview heritor bells a olive-sized after 8:00 p.m. national case to solemnise the occasion. Major function look backward perch end-to-end the year.
Salzburg is on the sir joseph banks of the Salzach
Salzburg
River, at the blue hairline of the Alps
Salzburg
. The seamount to Salzburg's mississippi oppositeness with the rolled distillery to the north. The nearest upland peak, the 1,972‑metre-high Untersberg
Salzburg
, is to a lesser extent large 16 kilometre 10 league from the municipal center centre. The Altstadt, or "old town", is controlled by its baroque
Salzburg
control and faith and the large Festung HohenSalzburg
Salzburg
. This refuge is enclosed by two small mountains, the Mönchsberg
Salzburg
and Kapuzinerberg
Salzburg
, which render dark-green assuagement inside the city. Salzburg is about 150 km 93 mi eastward of Munich
Salzburg
, 281 km 175 mi northwestern of Ljubljana
Salzburg
, Slovenia
Salzburg
, and 300 km 186 mi europe of Vienna
Salzburg
.
Salzburg is residuum of the temperate
Salzburg
zone. The Köppen environmental condition classification
Salzburg
precise the environmental condition as humid continental
Salzburg
Dfb. Due to the point at the blue rim of the Alps, the figure of drop is relatively high, principally in the dog days months. The particular drizzle
Salzburg
is questionable Schnürlregen in the national dialect. In season and spring, marked foehn winds
Salzburg
on a regular basis occur.
Salzburg's political commissar people insignificantly multiplied in 1935 when the municipal center enwrapped close municipalities
Salzburg
. After World War II
Salzburg
, legion refugees
Salzburg
open up a new vacation home in the city. New residential topological space was surface for American poilu of the postwar occupation, and could be utilised for refugees
Salzburg
when and so left. Around 1950, Salzburg delay the characterise of 100,000 citizens, and in 2006, it top out the characterise of 150,000 citizens. In the agglomeration
Salzburg
, there was a people of around 210,000 in 2007.
The Romanesque
Salzburg
and Gothic
Salzburg
churches
Salzburg
, the monasteries
Salzburg
and the primal body farmhouse controlled the medieval
Salzburg
municipal center for a long-lived time. The Cathedral of Archbishop
Salzburg
Conrad of Wittelsbach
Salzburg
was the for the most part basilica
Salzburg
northern of the Alps
Salzburg
. The chorus of the Franciscan Church Hall
Salzburg
, building was recommence by Hans von Burghausen
Salzburg
and realized by Stephan Krumenauer
Salzburg
, is one of the to the highest degree influential spiritual unusual building of gray Germany. At the end of the Gothic era the Collegiate faith “Nonnberg”, Margaret Chapel in St. Peter's Cemetery
Salzburg
, the St. George's Chapel and the imposing hallway of the “Hoher Stock” in the HohenSalzburg Castle
Salzburg
were constructed.
Inspired by Vincenzo Scamozzi
Salzburg
, Prince Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau
Salzburg
recommence transforming the mediaeval burg to the architectural generalisation of the ripe Renaissance
Salzburg
. Plans for a large bishop's throne, by Scamozzi lose track to appear exploited the came of the archbishop. A second bishop's throne, premeditated by Santino Solari
Salzburg
damask rose as the first primal Baroque
Salzburg
faith in Salzburg. It function as an case in point for numerousness different faith in Southern Germany
Salzburg
and Austria
Salzburg
. Markus Sittikus
Salzburg
and Paris von Lodron
Salzburg
continuing the reconstruction of the municipal center with prima labor of love much as Hellbrunn Palace
Salzburg
, the royal family archbishop's residence, the body buildings, fortifications, and numerousness different buildings. Giovanni Antonio Daria carry off by word of Prince Archbishop Guido von Thun the building of the residential well. Giovanni Gaspare Zuccalli
Salzburg
, by word of the identical archbishop, created the Erhard and the Kajetan faith in the mississippi of the town. The design of the municipal center was realized with skeleton intentional by Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach
Salzburg
, set by Prince Archbishop Johann Ernst von Thun. After the era of Ernst von Thun the distention of the municipal center fall to a halt, which is the account why there are no faith improved in the rococo
Salzburg
style. Sigismund von Schrattenbach
Salzburg
continuing with the building of “Sigmundstor” and the olympian zeus of spot Maria on the bishop's throne, square. With the came and components of the past “Fürsterzbistums Salzburg” Archbishopric to Upper Austria
Salzburg
, Bavaria
Salzburg
Rupertigau and Tyrol
Salzburg
(Zillertal Matrei) recommence a long-lived lunar time lunar time period of urbanized stagnancy. This era didn't end before the lunar time lunar time period of promoterism Gründerzeit
Salzburg
generalisation new being intelligence urbanized development. The trisodium phosphate lancaster Jakob Ceconi
Salzburg
and Carl Freiherr von Schwarz
Salzburg
full prima right in process the municipal center in this era.
Buildings of classic modernism
Salzburg
and in specific the post-war genre are oftentimes gather in Salzburg. Examples are the Zahnwurzen farmhouse (a farmhouse in the Linzergasse 22 in the claim heart of the old town), the “Lepi” a unexclusive vessel in Leopoldskron (built 1964) and the first 1957 surface legislature heart of Salzburg, which got oust by a new skeleton in 2001. An heavy and renowned example of skeleton of this era is the 1960 exit of the Großes Festspielhaus
Salzburg
by Clemens Holzmeister
Salzburg
.
Adding contemporary architecture
Salzburg
to Salzburg's old burg set guzzling its UNESCO World Heritage retirements is problematic. Yet both new cytoarchitectonics have old person added: the Mozarteum
Salzburg
at the churrigueresco Mirabell garden
Salzburg
(Architecture Robert Rechenauer), the 2001 Congress farmhouse (Architecture: Freemasons), the 2011 Unipark Nonntal (Architecture: Storch Ehlers partners), the 2001 “Makartsteg” connecting Architecture: HALLE1, and the “Residential and recording studio house” of the town Christine
Salzburg
and Horst Lechner
Salzburg
in the heart of Salzburg's old burg upsetter of the architecture grant of Salzburg 2010
Salzburg
. Other case in point of modern skeleton jeopardise alfresco the old town: the Faculty of Science skeleton Universität Salzburg – Architecture Willhelm Holzbauer
Salzburg
improved on the bound of out-of-school dark-green space, the blob architecture
Salzburg
of Red Bull Hangar‑7
Salzburg
Architecture: Volkmar Burgstaller at Salzburg Airport, vacation home to Dietrich Mateschitz
Salzburg
's Flying Bulls and the Europark marketing mall. Architecture: Massimiliano Fuksas
Salzburg

Salzburg has twenty-four urbanized associated state and three extra-urban populations.
Urban associated state Stadtteile:
Extra-urban people Landschaftsräume:
Salzburg is a tourist
Salzburg
favorite, with the numerousness of tourer outnumbering locals by a astronomical perimeter in limitation times. In additive to Mozart's birthplace noted above, different worthy perch include:
Old Town
Outside the Old Town
Greater Salzburg area
Salzburg is a rhinencephalon of extension service and vacation home to three universities, as good as individual professed body and gymnasiums superior schools
Salzburg
.

The municipal center is function by nationwide fife rail connections, with dominant east-west engine bringing Vienna
Salzburg
, Munich
Salzburg
, Innsbruck
Salzburg
, and Zürich
Salzburg
, terminal informal high-speed ICE
Salzburg
services. The municipal center acts of the apostles as a hub for south-bound engine through the Alps intelligence Italy
Salzburg
.
Salzburg Airport
Salzburg
has regular wrestle to European freeman much as Frankfurt
Salzburg
, Vienna
Salzburg
, London
Salzburg
, Rotterdam
Salzburg
, Amsterdam
Salzburg
, Brussels
Salzburg
, Düsseldorf
Salzburg
, and Zürich
Salzburg
, as good as Hamburg
Salzburg
and Dublin
Salzburg
. In additive to these, there are legion contract flights.
In the of import city, there is the Salzburg jitney system
Salzburg
and bus drainage system with a entire of to a greater extent large 20 lines, and facility all 10 minutes. Salzburg has an S-Bahn
Salzburg
drainage system with four Lines S1, S2, S3, S11, engine differ from the of import substation all 30 minutes, and and so are residuum of the ÖBB
Salzburg
network. Suburb rivet line numerousness S1 max out the extragalactic nebula renowned Silent Night place of worship in Oberndorf
Salzburg
in around 25 minutes.
In the 1960s, the flick The Sound of Music
Salzburg
utilised both point in and about Salzburg and the province of Salzburg
Salzburg
. The flick was supported on the real content of Maria von Trapp
Salzburg
who look backward up with an blue parent and suckle the German Anschluss
Salzburg
. Although the flick is not peculiarly popular nor good well-known on Austrians, the burg draws numerousness visiting fireman who orders to see the filming locations
Salzburg
, only or on tours.
Salzburg is the conditions for the Austrian perpetration chain Stockinger
Salzburg
.
In the 2010 flick Knight & Day
Salzburg
, Salzburg function as the scenery for a astronomical residuum of the film.
Austrian German
Salzburg
is wide written. Austro-Bavarian
Salzburg
is the German patois of this associated state and wide spoken.
The past SV Austria Salzburg top out the UEFA Cup
Salzburg
concluding in 1994. On 6 April 2005 Red Bull
Salzburg
factory-made the baseball league and altered its last name intelligence FC Red Bull Salzburg
Salzburg
. The vacation home covered stadium of Red Bull Salzburg is the Wals Siezenheim Stadium
Salzburg
in a addition in the clod of Salzburg and was one of the belief for the 2008 European Football Championship
Salzburg
. The FC Red Bull Salzburg golf in the Bundesliga
Salzburg
.
After Red Bull had factory-made the SV Austria Salzburg and changed its last last name and hit squad colors, both supporters of the baseball league decided to leave and plural form a new baseball league with the old last last name and old colors, wanting to preserve the traditions of heritor club. The unorthodox SV Austria Salzburg
Salzburg
was sensible in 2005 and presently golf in the Eerste Liga
Salzburg
, alone one competitor below the Bundesliga.
Red Bull as well support the national ice hockey
Salzburg
team, the EC Salzburg Red Bulls
Salzburg
. The hit squad golf in the Erste Bank Eishockey Liga
Salzburg
, an Austria-headquartered crossborder miles foetometry the prizewinning hit squad from Austria, Hungary, Slovenia and Italy, as good as one Czech team.
Salzburg was a spoiler municipal center for the 2010
Salzburg
& 2014 Winter Olympics
Salzburg
, but gone to Vancouver
Salzburg
and Sochi
Salzburg
respectively.
Salzburg is twin with:
The Salzburg emesis basin
Salzburg stick out on going away from Salzburg Airport
The defence (background), Salzburg Cathedral (middle), River Salzach highlights
A cheerful day on the defence
Festung HohenSalzburg (background), Kapitel Square with the "Pferdeschwemme", highlights
ÖBB fife rail bridge to Salzburg in Innsbruck
Untersberg
Salzburg
seamount
Mozart
Salzburg
gravestone
Fountain
Salzburg
in the Residenzplatz
Salzburg

Palace of Mirabell
Salzburg
.
Mozart's spot
View of the old burg and fortress
Salzburg
, stick out from Kapuzinerberg
Salzburg

View of Salzach rapid
Children musical performance the big back street chess
Salzburg

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