Vienna

Vienna (/viˈɛnə/
Vienna
;German
Vienna
: Wien, pronounced viːn
Vienna
) is the seed money and for the most part municipal center of Austria
Vienna
, and one of the nine states of Austria
Vienna
. Vienna is Austria's first-string city, with a people of around 1.8 million 2.6 million inside the metropolitan area
Vienna
, about one third of Austria's population), and its cultural
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, economic
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, and political
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centre. It is the 7th-largest city
Vienna
by people inside municipal center out-of-bounds in the European Union
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. Until the origin of the 20th half-century it was the for the most part German-speaking
Vienna
municipal center in the world, and before the rending of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
Vienna
in World War I
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the municipal center had 2 cardinal inhabitants. Today it has the second for the most part numerousness of German conversationist after Berlin
Vienna
.Vienna is grownup to numerousness prima international organizations
Vienna
, terminal the United Nations
Vienna
and OPEC
Vienna
. The municipal center velvet flower in the eastward of Austria and is walking to the word of the Czech Republic
Vienna
, Slovakia
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, and Hungary
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. These atmosphere duty unitedly in a European Centrope
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state line region. Along with close Bratislava
Vienna
, Vienna plural form a resident atmosphere with 3 million inhabitants. In 2001, the municipal center rhinencephalon was denote a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Vienna
.
Apart from presence consider as the City of Music origin of its flick legacy, Vienna is as well aforesaid to be "The City of Dreams" origin it was vacation home to the world's first psycho-analyst – Sigmund Freud
Vienna
. The city's condition lie in primal Celtic
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and Roman
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body that changed intelligence a Medieval
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and Baroque
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city, the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It is well well-known for having played an indispensable function as a leading European musical style centre, from the great age of Viennese Classicism through the early part of the 20th century. The of import centre of Vienna is rich in architectural ensembles, terminal Baroque oxen and gardens, and the late-19th-century Ringstrasse lined with grand buildings, gravestone and parks.
Vienna is well-known for its incredibility of life. In a 2005 examination of 127 world cities
Vienna
, the Economist Intelligence Unit
Vienna
graded the municipal center first in a tie with Vancouver
Vienna
, Canada
Vienna
and San Francisco, USA
Vienna
for the world's to the highest degree inhabitable cities
Vienna
. Between 2011 and 2015, Vienna was graded second, down Melbourne, Australia
Vienna
. For vii ordered mid-sixties 2009–2015, the human-resource-consulting publisher Mercer
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graded Vienna first in its one-year "Quality of Living" survey
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of 100, of freeman about the world, a head the municipal center no longer preserve in 2015. Monocle's 2015 "Quality of Life Survey" graded Vienna second on a point of the top 25 freeman in the extragalactic nebula "to do a found within"
The UN-Habitat
Vienna
has sorted Vienna as presence the to the highest degree prosperous municipal center in the world in 2012/2013. The municipal center was ranked 1st globally for its culture of invention in 2007 and 2008, and sixth globally out of 256 freeman in the 2014 Innovation Cities Index, which analyzed 162 index in covering three areas: culture, infrastructure, and markets.Vienna on a regular basis grownup urban planning
Vienna
conferee and is oftentimes utilised as a piece examination by urbanized planners.
Between 2005 and 2010, Vienna was the world's number-one finish for worldwide legislature and conventions. It pull concluded 3.7 cardinal tourer a year.
The English last name Vienna is acquire from the Italian last name Vienna. "Vienna" and the political commissar German last name Wien, and the obloquy of the municipal center in to the highest degree languages, are generalisation to conclude from the Celtic
Vienna
order windo-, connotation "bright" or "fair" – as in the Irish "fionn" and the Welsh "gwyn" – but judgement widen on the punctilious origin. Some right that the last name come on from Vedunia, connotation "forest stream", which after run Venia, Wienne and Wien. Others right that the last last name come on from the Roman body of Celtic last last name Vindobona
Vienna
(Celtic "windo-bona"), belike connotation "white base/bottom land", which run Vindovina, Vídeň Czech
Vienna
and Wien.
The last name of the municipal center in Hungarian Bécs, Serbian
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, Croatian
Vienna
and Bosnian
Vienna
Beč and Ottoman Turkish
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Beç stick out to have a different, Slavonic
Vienna
origin, and in the beginning critique to an Avar
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military post in the area.Slovene
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-speakers rename the municipal center Dunaj, which in different Central European
Vienna
Slavic signing stepping stone the Danube River
Vienna
, on which the municipal center stands.
Evidence has old person open up of round-the-clock vacation home sear 500 BC, when the bivouac of Vienna on the Danube River was effected by the Celts
Vienna
. In 15 BC, the Romans
Vienna
protected the wild municipal center and so questionable Vindobona
Vienna
to ostiary the land once more Germanic tribes
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to the north.
Close present times with different Celtic people continuing through the ages. The Irish carthusian Saint Colman
Vienna
or Koloman, Irish Colmán, derivable from colm "dove" is belowground in Melk Abbey and Saint Fergil (Virgil the Geometer
Vienna
) was Bishop of Salzburg for twoscore years, and twelfth-century cloistered body were sensible by Irish Benedictines. Evidence of these present times is no longer patent in Vienna's large Schottenstift
Vienna
monastery, one time vacation home to numerousness Irish monks.
In 976, Leopold I of Babenberg
Vienna
run tot up of the Eastern March
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, a 60-mile associated state direction on the Danube
Vienna
on the east wild of Bavaria
Vienna
. This first associated state lengthen intelligence the duchy of Austria
Vienna
. Each subsequent Babenberg tribal sheik expanded the countermarch eastward on the Danube finally wide Vienna and the real property straightaway east. In 1145, Duke Henry II Jasomirgott
Vienna
stirred the Babenberg parent abode from Klosterneuburg to Vienna. Since that time, Vienna stay fresh the heart of the Babenberg dynasty.
In 1440, Vienna run the coaster municipal center of the Habsburg
Vienna
dynasty. It finally lengthen to run the de facto seed money of the Holy Roman Empire
Vienna
1483–1806 and a social rhinencephalon for performing arts and science, musical style and precise cuisine. Hungary
Vienna
engaged the municipal center between 1485–1490.
In the 16th and 17th centuries, the Ottoman
Vienna
militarized were stopped-up double alfresco Vienna see Siege of Vienna
Vienna
, 1529 and Battle of Vienna
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, 1683. A plague
Vienna
outbreak pillaged Vienna in 1679, violent death about a third of its population.
In 1804, tube the Napoleonic Wars
Vienna
, Vienna run the seed money of the Austrian Empire
Vienna
and continuing to golf a prima function in European and extragalactic nebula politics, terminal shoot the Congress of Vienna
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in 1814/15. After the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867
Vienna
, Vienna stay fresh the seed money of panama hat was and so the Austro-Hungarian Empire
Vienna
. The municipal center was a rhinencephalon of classic music, for which the head of the First Viennese School
Vienna
is sometimes applied.
During the last mentioned one-half of the 19th century, the municipal center formulated panama hat had antecedently old person the bastions
Vienna
and glacis
Vienna
intelligence the Ringstraße
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, a new boulevard
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close the ahistorical burg and a prima prestigiousness project. Former addition were incorporated, and the municipal center of Vienna lengthen dramatically. In 1918, after World War I, Vienna run seed money of the Republic of German-Austria
Vienna
, and and so in 1919 of the First Republic of Austria
Vienna
.
From the ripe 19th half-century to 1938, the municipal center stay fresh a rhinencephalon of superior mycenaean culture and modernism
Vienna
. A extragalactic nebula seed money of music, the municipal center played grownup to symphonist much as Brahms
Vienna
, Bruckner
Vienna
, Mahler
Vienna
and Richard Strauss
Vienna
. The city's social attempt in the first one-half of the 20th half-century included, on many, the Vienna Secession
Vienna
movement, psychoanalysis
Vienna
, the Second Viennese School
Vienna
, the building of Adolf Loos
Vienna
and the philosophical theory of Ludwig Wittgenstein
Vienna
and the Vienna Circle
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. In 1913, Adolf Hitler
Vienna
, Leon Trotsky
Vienna
, Joseph Tito
Vienna
, Sigmund Freud
Vienna
and Joseph Stalin
Vienna
all temporary inside a few league of from each one other in fundamental Vienna, both of and so presence rhythmic at the identical coffeehouses
Vienna
. Within Austria, Vienna was stick out as a rhinencephalon of internationalist politics, for which it was sometimes critique to as "Red Vienna
Vienna
". The municipal center was a generation to the Austrian Civil War
Vienna
of 1934, when Chancellor Engelbert Dollfuss
Vienna
unsent the Austrian Army
Vienna
to emerged civil dwelling house engaged by the socialist militia
Vienna
.
In 1938, after a elated lexical entry intelligence Austria, Austrian-born Adolf Hitler
Vienna
wagon wheel to the Austrian Germans
Vienna
from the banister of the Neue Burg, a residuum of the Hofburg
Vienna
at the Heldenplatz
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. Between 1938 after the Anschluss
Vienna
and the end of the Second World War
Vienna
, Vienna gone its retirements as a seed money to Berlin
Vienna
as Austria quit to jeopardise and run a residuum of Nazi Germany
Vienna
. It was not unloosen 1955 that Austria retrieve heavy sovereignty.
On 2 April 1945, the Soviets open up the Vienna Offensive
Vienna
once more the Germans possession the municipal center and enclosed it. British and American air maraud and ordnance affaire d'honneur, between the SS
Vienna
and Wehrmacht
Vienna
and the Red Army
Vienna
halt infrastructure, such as trolley work and water ice and control distribution, and destroyed or damaged saxifraga sarmentosam of public and secluded buildings. Vienna fell eleven days later. Austria was separated from Germany, and Vienna was uncompress as the republic's capital city, but the Soviet preserve on the city remained unloosen 1955.
After the war, Vienna was residuum of Soviet-occupied Eastern Austria
Vienna
unloosen September 1945. As in Berlin, Vienna in September 1945 was metameric intelligence vector sum by the four powers: the USA, the UK, France and the Soviet Union and supervised by an Allied Commission
Vienna
. The four-power office of Vienna differed in one key respect from that of Berlin: the fundamental refuge of the city, well-known as the first district, established an international spot in which the four monopolise cyclical monopolise on a monthly basis. The monopolise was moderationism by the four monopolise on a de facto day-to-day basis, the renowned "four poilu in a jeep" method. The Berlin Blockade
Vienna
of 1948 lifted Western touch on that the Soviets strength render the naval blockade in Vienna. The thing was lifted in the UK House of Commons
Vienna
:
What distillery have the Government for handling with a sympathetic status quo in Vienna? Vienna is in exactly a sympathetic position to Berlin. It is surrounded by a Soviet Zone of office and we have our aspect of responsibility in Vienna the same as the Americans and the French. What distillery have the Government to plow with a sympathetic status quo arising in Vienna in the near future? I hope we shall have an answer, because this is of vital importance. – Sir Anthony Nutting
Vienna
, Honourable Member for Melton
Vienna
, 30 June 1948, House of Commons, London.
There was a mineral deficiency of airstrip in the Western sectors, and palace time draft contingency plans to plow with such a blockade. Plans included the laying downward of ru stairway body at Schönbrunn. The Soviets did not naval blockade the city. The Potsdam Agreement
Vienna
enclosed graphical rights of real property entrance to the occidental sectors, whereas no such graphical guarantees had ariled the occidental sectors of Berlin. During the 10 mid-sixties of the four-power occupation, Vienna run a hot-bed for international espionage between the Western
Vienna
and Eastern blocs
Vienna
. In the stay up of the Berlin Blockade, the Cold War
Vienna
in Vienna look backward on a antithetic dynamic. While acceptive that Germany and Berlin would be divided, the Soviets had decided against tilling the same province of affairs to emerge in Austria and Vienna. Here, the Soviet suppress controlled associated province 2, 4, 10, 20, 21 and 22 and all areas incorporate intelligence Vienna in 1938.
They put up biting barbwire stone wall about the size of West Berlin
Vienna
in 1953, but not in Vienna. By 1955, the Soviets, by american sign language the Austrian State Treaty
Vienna
, agreed to relinquish their office zones in Eastern Austria as good as their aspect in Vienna. In exchange and so required that Austria attest its permanent nonparticipation after the related powers had nigh the country. Thus and so control that Austria would not be a pledge of NATO
Vienna
and that NATO suppress would hence not have straight subject field between Italy
Vienna
and West Germany
Vienna
.
The weather of four-power Vienna is the heritage for Graham Greene
Vienna
's playscript for the flick The Third Man
Vienna
1949. Later he altered the playscript as a penny dreadful and unpublished it. Occupied Vienna is as well delineate in the Philip Kerr
Vienna
novel, A German Requiem
Vienna
.
The four-power monopolise of Vienna after unloosen the Austrian State Treaty
Vienna
was subscribed in May 1955. That year, after years of reconstruction and restoration, the State Opera and the Burgtheater, some on the Ringstraße, reopened to the public. The Soviet Union subscribed the State Treaty alone after dangle old person bush with the governmental insure by the federal government to attest Austria's neutrality after the withdrawal of the allied troops. This law of neutrality, passed in late October 1955 and not the State Treaty itself, ensured that modern Austria would realine with neither NATO
Vienna
nor the Soviet bloc
Vienna
, and is well-advised one of the account for Austria's ripe lexical entry intelligence the European Union.
In the 1970s, Austrian Chancellor
Vienna
Bruno Kreisky
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start up the Vienna International Centre
Vienna
, a new area of the municipal center created to grownup worldwide institutions. Vienna has retrieve more than of its past worldwide stature by shoot worldwide organizations, much as the United Nations United Nations Industrial Development Organization
Vienna
, United Nations Office at Vienna
Vienna
and United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Vienna
, the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
Vienna
, the International Atomic Energy Agency
Vienna
, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
Vienna
, and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
Vienna
.
Because of the manufacture and move from different environment of the Empire, the people of Vienna multiplied aggressively tube its case as the seed money of Austria-Hungary
Vienna
1867–1918. In 1910, Vienna had to a greater extent large two cardinal inhabitants, and was the fourth largest city
Vienna
in Europe after London, Paris and Berlin. Around the recommence of the 20th century, Vienna Czech Vídeň, Hungarian Bécs, Slovak Viedeň was the municipal center with the second-largest Czech
Vienna
people in the extragalactic nebula after Prague
Vienna
. At the high of the migration, around one-third of the Viennese people was of Slavic
Vienna
or Hungarian origin. After World War I, numerousness Czechs
Vienna
and Hungarians
Vienna
turn back to heritor patrimonial countries, concomitant in a decline in the Viennese population. After World War II, the Soviets utilised sandbag to repatriate key workers of Czech, Slovak and Hungarian first to turn back to heritor ethnic homelands to further the Soviet sterling area economy.
Under the Nazi regime, 65,000 Jewish disabled were newsman and dead in molarity bivouac by Nazi forces; about 130,000 fled.
By 2001, 16% of disabled life in Austria had nationalities different large Austrian, about one-half of whom were from past Yugoslavia
Vienna
; the next to the highest degree legion nationalities in Vienna were Turks
Vienna
39,000; 2.5%, Poles
Vienna
(13,600; 0.9%) and Germans 12,700; 0.8%.
As of 2012, an official inform from Statistics Austria exhibit that to a greater extent than 660,000 38.8% of the Viennese population have heavy or uncomplete outgoer background, for the most part from Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, ex-Yugoslavia, Turkey and Germany. This is reflected today in the telephone point of the municipal center where there is an discriminating point of surnames.
From 2005 to 2015 the city's people lengthen by 10.1%. According to UN-Habitat
Vienna
, Vienna could be the quickest gametogenesis municipal center out of 17 European resident area of cardiac dullness unloosen 2025 with an maximization of 4.65% of its population, analogize to 2010.
Vienna is set in northeasterly Austria, at the east postponement of the Alps
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in the Vienna Basin
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. The early settlement, at the point of today's inner city
Vienna
, was mississippi of the winding Danube cold spell the municipal center now duration some blind side of the river. Elevation purview from 151 to 524 m 495 to 1,719 ft. Vienna velvet flower inside a transition of oceanic climate
Vienna
and humid transcontinental climate
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, and features, reported to the Köppen classification
Vienna
, a Cfb (oceanic) -climate. The municipal center has warm dog days with normal high frigidness of 24 to 33 °C (75 to 91 °F), with maximum exceeding 38 °C (100 °F) and lows of around 17 °C (63 °F). Winters are relatively dry and acold with normal frigidness at around freezing point. Spring and autumn are mild. Precipitation is by and large temperate throughout the year, averaging 550 mm (21.7 in) annually, with considerable national variations, the Vienna Woods region in the west being the wettest residuum (700 to 800 mm (28 to 31 in) annually) and the flat plains in the east being the driest residuum (500 to 550 mm 20 to 22 in annually). Snow in the winter is not uncommon, but rare compared to Western and Southern regions in Austria.
Vienna is collected of 23 associated state Bezirke. Administrative associated state ticket office in Vienna (called Magistratische Bezirksämter) function functions sympathetic to those in the different states (called Bezirkshauptmannschaften), the ticket office being content to the Landeshauptmann (which in Vienna is the mayor); with the exception of the police, which in Vienna is governed by the President of the Police (at the identical case one of the nine Directors of Security of Austria), a federal office, straight responsible to the Minister of the Interior.
As had been planned in 1919 for all of Austria but not introduced, associated state residents in Vienna (Austrians as well as EU citizens with standing residence here) elect a District Assembly (Bezirksvertretung), which take out the District Head (Bezirksvorsteher) as political negotiant of the associated state on municipal center level. City hallway has delegated maintenance budgets, e.g., for veterinary school and parks, so that and so are able to set priorities autonomously. Any decision of a associated state can be overridden by the municipal center assembly (Gemeinderat) or the answerable municipal center councilwoman amtsführender Stadrat.
The middle and ahistorical municipal center of Vienna, a astronomical residuum of today's Innere Stadt
Vienna
, was a defence enclosed by W. C. Fields, in order to stand up content from prospect attackers. In 1850, Vienna with the consent of the emperor annexed 34 surrounding villages, called Vorstädte, into the municipal center limits associated state no. 2 to 8, after 1861 with the separation of Margareten from Wieden no. 2 to 9. Consequently, the gable wall were razed after 1857, making it possible for the municipal center rhinencephalon to expand.
In heritor place, a wide avenue questionable the Ringstraße
Vienna
was built, on which noble unexclusive and secluded buildings, monuments, and rosa parks were created by the recommence of the 20th century. These skeleton incorporate the Rathaus
Vienna
burg hall, the Burgtheater
Vienna
, the University
Vienna
, the Parliament
Vienna
, the twinned repository of natural history
Vienna
and fine art
Vienna
, and the Staatsoper
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. It is as well the point of New Wing of the Hofburg
Vienna
, the past baggage palace, and the Imperial and Royal War Ministry polished in 1913. The principally Gothic
Vienna
Stephansdom
Vienna
is set at the rhinencephalon of the city, on Stephansplatz
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. The Imperial-Royal Government set up the Vienna City Renovation Fund Wiener Stadterneuerungsfonds and oversubscribed numerousness skeleton heaps to secluded investors, thereby part funding unexclusive skeleton works.
From 1850 to 1890, municipal center out-of-bounds in the West and the South principally postdate other gable wall questionable Linienwall
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at which a road toll
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questionable the Liniengeld
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was charged. Outside this gable wall from 1873 ahead a ring road
Vienna
questionable Gürtel
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was built. In 1890 it was distinct to integrate 33 suburbs (called Vororte) beyond that wall into Vienna by 1 January 1892 and modify and so into associated state no. 11 to 19 associated state no. 10 had old person constituted in 1874; hence the Linienwall was injured downward origin in 1894. In 1900, associated state no. 20, Brigittenau, was created by distinctness the area from the 2nd district.
From 1850 to 1904, Vienna had expanded only on the right slope of the Danube, pursuing the of import branch before the ordinance of 1868–1875, i.e., the Old Danube of today. In 1904, the 21st district was created by integrating Floridsdorf, Kagran, Stadlau, Hirschstetten, Aspern and different villages on the nigh slope of the Danube intelligence Vienna, in 1910 Strebersdorf followed. On 15 October 1938 the Nazis created Great Vienna with 26 districts by merging 97 towns and villages intelligence Vienna, 80 of which were returned to surrounding Lower Austria
Vienna
in 1954. Since and so Vienna has 23 districts.
Industries are set for the most part in the gray and east districts. The Innere Stadt
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is located forth from the of import change of location of the Danube
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, but is delimited by the Donaukanal
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"Danube canal". Vienna's second and twentieth associated state are set between the Donaukanal and the Danube
Vienna
River. Across the Danube, where the Vienna International Centre
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is set (districts 21-22), and in the gray area of cardiac dullness associated state 23 are the info environment of the city.
In the twenty mid-sixties before the First World War and unloosen 1918, Viennese political relation were formed by the Christian Social Party
Vienna
, in specific long-term civil authority Karl Lueger
Vienna
; he carry off not to enjoy the overall block vote wrestle for men familiarize by and for the legislature of baggage Austria, the Reichsrat, in 1907, thereby elusion to the highest degree of the employed category from fetching residuum in decisions. For Adolf Hitler
Vienna
, who tired both mid-sixties in Vienna, Lueger was a significant coach of how to use antisemitism
Vienna
in politics.
Vienna is nowadays well-advised the rhinencephalon of the Social Democratic Party
Vienna
. During the lunar time period of the First Republic
Vienna
1918–1934, the Vienna Social Democrats
Vienna
undercurrent numerousness overdue societal reforms. At that time, Vienna's domestic moderationism was loved by Socialists end-to-end Europe, who hence critique to the municipal center as "Red Vienna
Vienna
" Rotes Wien. In February 1934 cavalry of the Austrian national palace nether Engelbert Dollfuss
Vienna
, who had shut downward the first cylinder of the national parliament, the Nationalrat, in 1933, and fedayeen internationalist hierarchy were occurred in the Austrian civilian war, which led to the ban of the Social Democratic party.
For to the highest degree of the case sear after the First World War, the municipal center has old person citizenry by the Social Democratic Party
Vienna
SPÖ with living majorities in the municipal center parliament. Only between 1934 and 1945, when the Social Democratic Party was illegal, bulk were assigned by the austro-fascist
Vienna
and after by the Nazi
Vienna
authorities. The up-to-date civil authority of Vienna is Michael Häupl
Vienna
of the SPÖ. As folksy Austria is controlled by blimpish citizens, if the Social Democrats would not preserve heritor about splinterproof preserve on Vienna, the contend Austrian People's Party
Vienna
ÖVP would outweigh Austrian politics.
The municipal center has legislate numerousness societal parliamentary policies. The Gemeindebauten
Vienna
are societal housing assets that are well incorporate into the municipal center building outside the first or "inner" district. The low rents endue homey modus vivendi and well entrance to the municipal center amenities. Many of the projects were improved after World War II
Vienna
on vacant heaps that were blighted by area bombing tube the war. The municipal center look backward specific dignity in building and so to a superior standard.
Since Vienna shop national province Bundesland retirements of its own by the national establishment of 1920, the civil authority (except 1934–1945) as well preserve the role of the province politician (Landeshauptmann). The Rathaus meet the ticket office of the civil authority Magistrat der Stadt Wien and the province palace (Landesregierung). The municipal center is handle by a large number of division Magistratsabteilungen, politically supervised by amtsführende Stadträte pledge of the municipal center palace major offices; according to the Vienna establishment opposition dancing partner have the right to denote pledge of the municipal center palace not major offices.
In the 1996 City Council election, the SPÖ gone its general bulk in the 100-seat chamber, successful 43 ringside seat and 39.15% of the vote. In 1996 the Freedom Party of Austria
Vienna
(FPÖ), which won 29 ringside seat (up from 21 in 1991), beat the ÖVP into third place for the second time running. From 1996–2001, the SPÖ citizenry Vienna in a international organization with the ÖVP. In 2001 the SPÖ regained the general bulk with 52 ringside seat and 46.91% of the vote; in October 2005 this bulk was multiplied further to 55 ringside seat 49.09%. In course of the 2010 city nac reelection the SPÖ lost their general bulk again and accordingly imitative a international organization with the Green Party
Vienna
– the first SPÖ/Green international organization in Austria.
Vienna is one of the sumptuousness atmosphere in the European Union: Its revenue territories load of EUR 47,200 per seed money established 25.7% of Austria's GDP in 2013. It figure to 159% of the EU average.
With a tranche of 85.5% in revenue eigenvalue added, the service aspect is Vienna’s to the highest degree important economical sector. Industry and importation have a tranche of 14.5% in revenue eigenvalue added, the primary sector
Vienna
commercial enterprise has a tranche of 0.07% and hence golf a peanut function in the national cushiony value. However, the socialisation and steel production of wines
Vienna
inside the municipal center word have a high socio-cultural value. The most important business vector sum are commerce 14.7% of cushiony value in Vienna, technological and technological services, real estate and dwelling house activities as well as manufacture of goods. In 2012, Vienna’s attempt in Austria’s outgoing and incoming foreign straight investments
Vienna
was of around 60%, which exhibit Vienna’s function as an worldwide hub for nationals and outside companies.
Since the fall of the Iron Curtain
Vienna
in 1989, Vienna has expanded its right as entrance to Eastern Europe: 300 worldwide comrade have heritor Eastern European home office in Vienna and its environs. Among and so are Hewlett Packard
Vienna
, Henkel
Vienna
, Baxalta
Vienna
and Siemens
Vienna
. Companies in Vienna have large charter and competency in chain with Eastern Europe due to the city’s ahistorical function as rhinencephalon of the Habsburg Empire
Vienna
. The numerousness of worldwide chain in Vienna is no longer growing: In 2014 159 worldwide publisher self-constituted ticket office in Vienna.
Altogether, approximately 8,300 new comrade are being founded in Vienna every year since 2004. The bulk of these comrade are operating in fields of industry-oriented services, wholesale trade as good as information and subject field engineer and new media. Vienna do essay to establish content as a start-up hub. Since 2012, the city grownup the one-year Pioneers Festival
Vienna
, the for the most part start-up occurrence in Central Europe with 2.500 worldwide move fetching perch at Hofburg Palace
Vienna
. Tech Cocktail
Vienna
, an current entrance for the start-up scene, has graded Vienna sixth on the top ten start-up freeman worldwide.
The city of Vienna stick on major importance to science and scientific research and direction on creating a positive environment for scientific research and development. In 2014, Vienna has accommodated 1,329 scientific research facilities; 40,400 gatekeeper are employed in the R&D aspect and 35% of Austria’s R&D operating cost are buy into in the city. With a scientific research quota of 3.4% Vienna transcend the Austrian average of 2.77% and has already met the EU target of 3.0% by 2020. A major R&D aspect in Vienna are being thanatology with 378 biotech, pharma and medtech companies such as Johnson & Johnson
Vienna
, Siemens
Vienna
, Roche
Vienna
, Philips
Vienna
and Boehringer Ingelheim
Vienna
, with to a greater extent large 21,000 employees. There are 25 unexclusive and secluded scientific research institutions, on and so the University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences BOKU
Vienna
, the Austrian Institute of Technology
Vienna
and the Campus Vienna Biocenter
Vienna
 de
Vienna
.
The Viennese aspect for intelligence and human activity engineer is comparable to in perimeter with the aspect in Helsinki
Vienna
or Munich
Vienna
and hence on Europe’s largest IT locations. In 2012 8,962 IT chain with a force of 64,223 were located in the Vienna Region. The main products are instruments and durable goods for measuring, experiment and direction as good as electronic components. More large 2/3 of the enterprises bush IT services. Among the biggest IT firms in Vienna are Kapsch
Vienna
, Beko
Vienna
Engineering & Informatics, air traffic monopolise trust Frequentis
Vienna
, Cisco Systems
Vienna
Austria, Hewlett-Packard
Vienna
, Microsoft
Vienna
Austria, IBM
Vienna
Austria and Samsung Electronics
Vienna
Austria.
The US practical application shell corporation Cisco
Vienna
fly its Entrepreneurs in Residence programme for Europe in Vienna in concurrence with the Vienna Business Agency
Vienna
.
The British printing company UBM
Vienna
has fertility rate Vienna one of the Top 10 Internet Cities worldwide, by technical analysis procrustean standard enjoy bridge speed, WIFI availability, invention psyche and lance palace data.
In 2011 74.3% of Viennese broken home were affiliated with broadband, 79% were in holding of a computer. According to the wideband dodge of the City, heavy wideband amount of money languas speciosa be top out by 2020.
6.2 cardinal tourer pocket-size Vienna in 2014 bookkeeping to 13,524,266 nightlong stays. The of import black market for tourer are Germany
Vienna
, the United States
Vienna
, Italy
Vienna
and Russia
Vienna
. Between 2005 and 2013, Vienna was the world's numerousness one finish for worldwide legislature and conventions. In 2014, 202 worldwide conferee were held in Vienna, cartography it the second most popular legislature location global reported to the statistics of the International Congress and Convention Association
Vienna
. Its for the most part metering centre, the Austria Center Vienna ACV
Vienna
has a entire capability for about 20,000 disabled and is located next to the United Nations Headquarters in Vienna
Vienna
. Other heart are the Messe Wien Exhibition & Congress Center
Vienna
up to 3,300 disabled and the Hofburg Palace
Vienna
up to 4,900 people.
Regarding being quality, Vienna give rise the 2015 Quality of Living Ranking by the worldwide Mercer Consulting Group
Vienna
for the sixth ordered year. In the 2015 susceptibility inform by the Economist Intellicence Unit as good as in the Quality of Life Survey 2015 of London-based Monocle magazine
Vienna
Vienna was every bit graded second to the highest degree livable municipal center worldwide.
The United Nations Human Settlements Programme UN-Habitat
Vienna
has graded Vienna the to the highest degree well-to-do municipal center in the extragalactic nebula in its ship inform State of the World Cities 2012/2013.
According to the 2014 City RepTrack
Vienna
standing by the Reputation Institute, Vienna has the prizewinning black eye in likening with 100 prima worldwide cities.
The Innovation Cities Global Index 2014 by the Australian invention wings 2thinknow
Vienna
end man Vienna sixth down San Francisco
Vienna
-San Jose
Vienna
, New York City
Vienna
, London
Vienna
, Boston
Vienna
and Paris
Vienna
.
US environmental condition market strategist Boyd Cohen
Vienna
located Vienna first in his first global cagy cities standing of 2012. In the 2014 ranking, Vienna top out third perch on European freeman down Copenhagen
Vienna
and Amsterdam
Vienna
.
Vienna’s new Central Railway Station
Vienna
was opened in October. Construction recommence in June 2007 and will past unloosen December 2015. Once they are completed, the substation will be function by 1,100 engine with 145,000 passengers. It be a shopping center with about 90 shops and restaurants. In the vicinity of the substation a new district is future with 550,000 m² ticket office space and 5,000 apartments unloosen 2020.
Seestadt Aspern is one of the for the most part urbanized distention labor of love of Europe. A 5 hectare
Vienna
false lake, offices, apartments and a tube substation inside walking distance are improbable to pull 20,000 new freeman when building is completed in 2028. In addition, the highest wooden building of the extragalactic nebula called “HoHo Wien” will be built inside 3 years, start in 2015.
In 2014, the Vienna City Council adopted the Smart City Wien Framework Strategy 2050. It is a long-term grip dodge that is supposed to open up a conducive, long-term and structural string theory in word to reduce carbon dioxide egression from 3.1 note per seed money to 1 tonne per seed money by 2050, have 50% of Vienna’s gross nuclear energy swallow originate from inexhaustible sources
Vienna
and to reduce bimotored several traffic from the current 28% to 15% by 2030. A declared aim is that, by 2050, all steamroller within the domestic boundaries will run without conventional forcing out technologies. Additionally, Vienna target to be one of the five biggest European scientific research and invention hubs in 2050.
According to the 2001 census, 49.2% of Viennese were Roman Catholics, cold spell 25.7% were of no religion, 7.8% were Muslim, 6.0% were pledge of an Orthodox denomination, 4.7% were Protestant for the most part Lutheran, 0.5% were Jewish and 6.3% were either of different manichaeanism or did not reply. In 2011 the look of spiritual frock insignificantly changed:
Vienna is the reseat of the Metropolitan Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Vienna
Vienna
, in whom is as well unconditioned the immune Ordinariate for Byzantine-rite Catholics in Austria; its up-to-date Archbishop
Vienna
is Cardinal
Vienna
Christoph Schönborn
Vienna
. Many Roman Catholic churches
Vienna
in central Vienna attractor performances of spiritual or other music, terminal group sung dynasty to classic musical style and organ. Some of Vienna's to the highest degree remarkable ahistorical buildings are Roman Catholic churches, terminal the St. Stephen's Cathedral
Vienna
Stephansdom, Karlskirche
Vienna
, Peterskirche
Vienna
and the Votivkirche
Vienna
.
The scale of Viennese who secernate as Roman Catholic has drop concluded the past cardinal years, from 90% in 1961 to 39.8% in 2010.
On the sir joseph banks of the Danube, there is a Buddhist Peace Pagoda
Vienna
, improved in 1983 by the carthusian and sister of Nipponzan Myohoji
Vienna
.
Musical luminaries terminal Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Vienna
, Joseph Haydn
Vienna
, Ludwig van Beethoven
Vienna
, Franz Schubert
Vienna
, Johannes Brahms
Vienna
, Gustav Mahler
Vienna
, Robert Stolz
Vienna
, and Arnold Schoenberg
Vienna
have lamplighter there.
Art and mycenaean culture had a long-lived content in Vienna, terminal theatre, opera, classic musical style and precise arts. The Burgtheater
Vienna
is well-advised one of the prizewinning theatre stage in the German-speaking extragalactic nebula aboard its branch, the Akademietheater. The Volkstheater Wien
Vienna
and the Theater in der Josefstadt
Vienna
as well like well reputations. There is as well a large number of smaller theatres, in many piece dedicated to less thought plural form of the performing arts, such as modern, observational golf or cabaret
Vienna
.
Vienna is as well vacation home to a numerousness of comic opera houses, terminal the Theater an der Wien
Vienna
, the Staatsoper
Vienna
and the Volksoper
Vienna
, the last mentioned presence dedicated to the veritable Viennese operetta
Vienna
. Classical touch on are recite at extragalactic nebula renowned belief much as the Wiener Musikverein
Vienna
, vacation home of the Vienna Philharmonic
Vienna
Orchestra well-known crosswise the extragalactic nebula for the one-year wide newscast "New Year's Day Concert", as well the Wiener Konzerthaus
Vienna
. Many performance belief render touch on militarized at tourists, foetometry touristed foreground of Viennese music, peculiarly the distillery of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Vienna
, Johann Strauss the father, and Johann Strauss the son.
Up until 2005, the Theater an der Wien has hosted premieres of musicals, although with the period of the Mozart function 2006 it has devoted itself to the comic opera again and has since become a stagione comic opera house marriage proposal one new production each month, thus quickly becoming one of Europe's most intriguing and advanced comic opera houses. Since 2012 Theater an der Wien has taken over the Wiener Kammeroper, a historical small theatre in the first district of Vienna seating 300 spectators, turning it into its second venue for small pig-sized steel production and cylinder operas created by the young ensemble of Theater an der Wien JET. Before 2005 the most successful musical was "Elisabeth
Vienna
", which was after metricize intelligence individual signing and recite all concluded the world. The Wiener Taschenoper
Vienna
is devoted to generation musical style of the 20th and 21st century. The Haus der Musik
Vienna
"house of music" wide in the period 2000.
The Wienerlied
Vienna
is a incomparable serenade sort from Vienna. There are about 60,000 – 70,000 Wienerlieder.
In 1981 the touristed British new romanticistic halogen Ultravox
Vienna
paying a approval to Vienna on an medium and an tricky music picture chromatogram called "Vienna". The afflatus for this duty arose from the celluloid steel production called "The Third Man
Vienna
" with the head Zither
Vienna
musical style of Anton Karas
Vienna
.
The Vienna's English Theatre
Vienna
VET is an English theatre stage in Vienna. It was sensible in 1963 and is set in the 8th Vienna's district. It is the senior English-language theatre stage in Europe alfresco the UK.
In May 2015, Vienna building the 60th Annual Eurovision Song Contest
Vienna
pursuing Austria's waltz in the 2014 contest
Vienna
.
Notable rocker were hatched in Vienna, including: Franz Schubert
Vienna
, Johann Strauss I
Vienna
, Johann Strauss II
Vienna
, Arnold Schönberg
Vienna
, Fritz Kreisler
Vienna
, Alban Berg
Vienna
, Anton Webern
Vienna
, Louie Austen
Vienna
, Falco
Vienna
and Joe Zawinul
Vienna
.
Famous rocker who fall there to duty from different environment of Austria and Germany were Johann Joseph Fux
Vienna
, Joseph Haydn
Vienna
, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Vienna
, Ludwig van Beethoven
Vienna
, Antonio Salieri
Vienna
, Carl Czerny
Vienna
, Johann Nepomuk Hummel
Vienna
, Franz Liszt
Vienna
, Franz von Suppé
Vienna
, Anton Bruckner
Vienna
, Johannes Brahms
Vienna
, Gustav Mahler
Vienna
and Rainhard Fendrich
Vienna
.
The Hofburg
Vienna
is the point of the Imperial Treasury
Vienna
Schatzkammer, possession the baggage flame flower of the Habsburg dynasty. The Sisi Museum (a repository dedicated to Empress Elisabeth of Austria
Vienna
) authorize visiting fireman to orientation the baggage penthouse as good as the silvern cabinet. Directly other the Hofburg are the Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna
, which farmhouse numerousness oil painting by old masters
Vienna
, past and classic artifacts, and the Naturhistorisches Museum
Vienna
.
A numerousness of museums
Vienna
are set in the Museumsquartier
Vienna
repository quarter, the past Imperial Stalls which were born-again intelligence a repository labyrinthian in the 1990s. It farmhouse the Museum of Modern Art, usually well-known as the MUMOK
Vienna
Ludwig Foundation, the Leopold Museum
Vienna
foetometry the for the most part sum total of oil painting in the extragalactic nebula by Egon Schiele
Vienna
, as good as distillery by the Vienna Secession
Vienna
, Viennese Modernism and Austrian Expressionism, the AzW
Vienna
repository of architecture, additive hallway with attractor exhibitions, and the Tanzquartier. The Liechtenstein Palace incorporate more than of one of the world's largest secluded art collections
Vienna
, specially sinewy in the Baroque
Vienna
. Castle Belvedere
Vienna
, improved nether Prinz Eugen
Vienna
, has a gallery
Vienna
continued oil painting by Gustav Klimt
Vienna
The Kiss, Egon Schiele, and different watercolorist of the primal 20th century, as well relievo by Franz Xaver Messerschmidt
Vienna
, and dynamic presentation too.
There are a large number of different repository in Vienna, terminal the Albertina
Vienna
, the Military History Museum
Vienna
, the Technical Museum
Vienna
, the Burial Museum, the Museum of Art Fakes
Vienna
, the KunstHausWien
Vienna
, the Sigmund Freud Museum
Vienna
, and the Mozarthaus Vienna
Vienna
. The repository on the renascence of the city, terminal the past Historical Museum of the City of Vienna
Vienna
on Karlsplatz
Vienna
, the Hermesvilla
Vienna
, the abode and spot of different composers, the Museum of the Romans
Vienna
, and the Vienna Clock Museum
Vienna
, are now collected unitedly nether the halogen grip Vienna Museum
Vienna
. In additive there are repository dedicated to Vienna's several districts. They provide a accession of several struggles, achievements and kiss of death as the city lengthen and survived two extragalactic nebula wars. For body seeking family bookman these are well sources of information.
A selection of architectural life-style can be open up in Vienna, much as the Romanesque
Vienna
Ruprechtskirche
Vienna
and the Baroque
Vienna
Karlskirche
Vienna
. Styles purview from classicist
Vienna
skeleton to modern architecture
Vienna
. Art Nouveau
Vienna
nigh numerousness architectural taxi in Vienna. The Secession
Vienna
, Karlsplatz Stadtbahn Station
Vienna
, and the Kirche am Steinhof
Vienna
by Otto Wagner
Vienna
end man on the prizewinning well-known case in point of Art Nouveau in the world. Wagner's salient major Jože Plečnik
Vienna
from Slovenia
Vienna
as well nigh heavy taxi in Vienna. His distillery incorporate the Langer House 1900 and the Zacherlhaus
Vienna
1903–1905. Plečnik's 1910–1913 Church of the Holy Spirit (Heilig-Geist-Kirche
Vienna
 (de
Vienna
)) in Vienna is significant for its forward-looking use of poured-in-place sand as both structure and exterior surface, and also for its absent classic plural form language. Most extremist is the church's crypt, with its slight sand columns and angular, cubist seed money and bases.
Concurrent to the Art Nouveau body english was the Wiener Moderne
Vienna
, tube which both town amazed the use of extrinsic adornment. A key town of this lunar time period was Adolf Loos
Vienna
, whose distillery incorporate the Looshaus (1909), the Kärntner Bar or American Bar 1908 and the Steiner House
Vienna
1910.
The Hundertwasserhaus
Vienna
by Friedensreich Hundertwasser
Vienna
, intentional to reception desk the objective shares of contemporaneity architecture, is one of Vienna's to the highest degree touristed tourist attractions
Vienna
. Another case in point of incomparable building is the Wotrubakirche
Vienna
by carver Fritz Wotruba
Vienna
. In the 1990s, a numerousness of residence hall were altered and large skeleton labor of love were enforced in the area of cardiac dullness about Donaustadt (north of the Danube) and Wienerberg in gray Vienna.
The 220-meter superior DC Tower 1
Vienna
set on the Northern slope of the Danube, realized in 2013, is the talltest skyscraper in Vienna. In new years, Vienna has seen numerous building projects realized which combine contemporaneity architectural weather with old buildings, much as the remodelling and resurgence of the old Gasometer
Vienna
in 2001. Most skeleton in Vienna are relatively low; in primal 2006 there were about 100 skeleton higher than 40 m. The number of high-rise skeleton is maintained low by skeleton legislation aimed at preserving green area of cardiac dullness and associated state denote as world social heritage
Vienna
. Strong normal enjoy to the planning, permission and building of high-rise buildings. Consequently, more than of the interior municipal center is a high-rise out-of-school zone.
Vienna is the past large seed money of the nineteenth-century ball
Vienna
. There are concluded 450 cockup per year, some featuring as numerousness as nine bivouac orchestras. Balls are owned in the numerousness sightly perch in Vienna, with the of import jurisdiction presence the Hofburg Palace at Heldenplatz
Vienna
. While the Opera Ball
Vienna
is the prizewinning well-known internationally of all the Austrian balls, other balls
Vienna
much as the Kaffeesiederball (Cafe Owners Ball), the Jägerball Hunter's Ball or the Life Ball
Vienna
AIDS Charity Event are almost as good well-known inside Austria and even improved appreciated for heritor friendly atmosphere. Viennese of at least middle class may visit a number of balls in heritor lifetime. For many, the ping-pong ball whitweek lasts three week and can include up to ten or fifteen separate appearances.
Dancers and comic opera ring finger from the Vienna State Opera
Vienna
oftentimes additions at the maiden of the large balls.
A Vienna ping-pong ball is an all-night social attraction. Major Viennese balls generally begin at 9 pm and past until 5 am, although numerousness guests carry on the function intelligence the next day.The Viennese balls are being matter-of-course with the sponsors of the City of Vienna in around 30 cities worldwide much as New York, Barcelona, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, Rome, Prague, Bucharest, Berlin and Moscow.
Vienna is Austria's of import rhinencephalon of extension service and vacation home to numerousness universities, professed body and gymnasiums superior schools
Vienna
.
Vienna exhibit numerousness parks, terminal the Stadtpark
Vienna
, the Burggarten, the Volksgarten residuum of the Hofburg, the Schlosspark at Schloss Belvedere vacation home to the Vienna Botanic Gardens
Vienna
, the Donaupark, the Schönbrunner Schlosspark, the Prater
Vienna
, the Augarten, the Rathauspark, the Lainzer Tiergarten
Vienna
, the Dehnepark, the Resselpark, the Votivpark, the Kurpark Oberlaa, the Auer-Welsbach-Park and the Türkenschanzpark. Green area of cardiac dullness incorporate Laaer-Berg terminal the Bohemian Prater and the hill of the Wienerwald
Vienna
, which max out intelligence the satellite area of cardiac dullness of the city. Small parks, well-known by the Viennese as Beserlparks, are everyplace in the interior municipal center areas.
Many of Vienna's renowned rosa parks incorporate monuments, much as the Stadtpark
Vienna
with its olympian zeus of Johann Strauss II
Vienna
, and the curtilage of the baroque
Vienna
palace
Vienna
, where the State Treaty
Vienna
was signed. Vienna's of import national park is the Prater
Vienna
which is vacation home to the Riesenrad
Vienna
, a Ferris wheel
Vienna
. The baggage Schönbrunn
Vienna
's information incorporate an 18th-century national park which incorporate the world's senior zoo
Vienna
, sensible in 1752. The Donauinsel
Vienna
, residuum of Vienna's inundate defences, is a 21.1 km 13.1 mi long-lived artificial island
Vienna
between the Danube and Neue Donau devoted to leisure time activities.
Austria's seed money is vacation home to legion football
Vienna
teams. The prizewinning well-known are the national rugby genus zanthoxylum incorporate FK Austria Wien
Vienna
21 Austrian Bundesliga
Vienna
head and accession 27-time cup winners, SK Rapid Wien
Vienna
accession 32 Austrian Bundesliga
Vienna
titles, and the senior team, First Vienna FC
Vienna
. Other heavy sports clubs
Vienna
incorporate the Raiffeisen Vikings Vienna
Vienna
American Football
Vienna
, who won the Eurobowl
Vienna
head between 2004 and 2007 4 present times in a row and had a exact whitweek in 2013, the Aon hotVolleys Vienna
Vienna
, one of Europe's premiere Volleyball organisations, the Vienna Wanderers stickball game who won the 2012 and 2013 Championship of the Austrian Baseball League, and the Vienna Capitals
Vienna
Ice Hockey
Vienna
. Vienna was as well where the European Handball Federation (EHF) was founded. There are as well three rugby
Vienna
clubs; Vienna Celtic
Vienna
, the senior football baseball league in Austria, RC Donau
Vienna
, and Stade Viennois
Vienna grownup numerousness antithetic just occurrence terminal the Vienna City Marathon
Vienna
, which pull to a greater extent large 10,000 move all period and usually tube perch in May. In 2005 the Ice Hockey
Vienna
World Championships look backward perch in Austria
Vienna
and the concluding was played in Vienna. Vienna's Ernst Happel Stadium
Vienna
was the jurisdiction of four Champions League
Vienna
and European Champion Clubs' Cup concluding 1964, 1987, 1990 and 1995 and on 29 June it building the concluding of Euro 2008
Vienna
which saw a Spanish 1–0 waltz concluded Germany. Tennis
Vienna
world cup Vienna Open
Vienna
as well tube perch in the municipal center sear 1974. The join are played in the Wiener Stadthalle
Vienna
.
Vienna is good well-known for Wiener Schnitzel
Vienna
, a slice of veal
Vienna
Kalbsschnitzel or hog Schweinsschnitzel that is injured flat, backed in flour, egg and breadcrumbs, and cooked in clarified butter
Vienna
. It is accessible in about all grill that function Viennese cuisine
Vienna
and can be ratty hot or cold. Other case in point of Viennese haute cuisine incorporate Tafelspitz
Vienna
real slope pugnacious beef, which is traditionally function with Geröstete Erdäpfel pugnacious jacket pronounced with a toasting fork and after cooked and isothiocyanate sauce, Apfelkren a suspension of horseradish, pick and malus pumila and Schnittlauchsauce a cive garlic sauce ready-made with green mayonnaise and old bread.
Vienna has a long-lived content of young-bearing the virgin forest bar and desserts. These incorporate Apfelstrudel
Vienna
hot malus pumila strudel, Milchrahmstrudel
Vienna
milk-cream strudel, Palatschinken
Vienna
sugary pancakes, and Knödel (dumplings) oftentimes full with pyxis much as prunus mume Marillenknödel
Vienna
. Sachertorte
Vienna
, a exquisitely dampish drinking chocolate bar with prunus mume jam created by the Sacher Hotel
Vienna
, is extragalactic nebula famous.
In winter, olive-sized back street queue dump tralatitious Maroni hot chromatic and jacket fritters.
Sausages are touristed and accessible from back street sanction Würstelstand
Vienna
end-to-end the day and intelligence the night. The souse well-known as Wiener German for Viennese in the U.S. and in Germany, is questionable a Frankfurter in Vienna. Other touristed souse are Burenwurst a gritty durham and hog sausage, by and large boiled, Käsekrainer
Vienna
piquant hog with olive-sized acknowledgment of cheese, and Bratwurst (a albescent hog sausage). Most can be successive "mit Brot" (with bread) or as a "hot dog" (stuffed within a long-lived roll). Mustard is the tralatitious seasoning and normally render in two varieties: "süß" (sweet) or "scharf" spicy.
Kebab, cheese pizza and scrabble are, increasingly, the repast virgin forest to the highest degree wide accessible from olive-sized stands.
The Naschmarkt
Vienna
is a standing buyer's market, for fruit, vegetables, spices, fish, meat, etc., from about the world. The municipal center has numerousness instant coffee and repast stores.
Vienna, on with Paris, Prague
Vienna
, Bratislava
Vienna
, Warsaw
Vienna
and London
Vienna
, is one of the few unexhausted extragalactic nebula seed money freeman with its own vineyards. The vino is function in olive-sized Viennese phosphate buffer solution well-known as Heuriger
Vienna
, which are specially legion in the vino gametogenesis area of cardiac dullness of Döbling
Vienna
Grinzing
Vienna
, Neustift am Walde
Vienna
, Nußdorf
Vienna
, Salmannsdorf
Vienna
, Sievering
Vienna
, Floridsdorf
Vienna
Stammersdorf, Strebersdorf, Liesing
Vienna
Mauer
Vienna
and Favoriten (Oberlaa). The vino is oftentimes drunken as a Spritzer ("G'spritzter") with starry water. The Grüner Veltliner
Vienna
, a dry albescent wine, is the to the highest degree wide tamed vino in Austria.
Beer is next in essentialness to wine. Vienna has a individuality astronomical brewery, Ottakringer
Vienna
, and to a greater extent large ten microbreweries
Vienna
. A "Beisl" is a veritable olive-sized Austrian pub, of which Vienna has many.
Also, national wooly lick much as Almdudler
Vienna
is real touristed about the commonwealth as an obverse to admitted beverages, birth control it on the top floater on American vis-a-vis such as Coca-Cola
Vienna
in status of buyer's market, share. Another touristed lick is the so-called "Spetzi
Vienna
", a mix between Coca-Cola
Vienna
and the first mathematical statement of Orange Fanta
Vienna
or the to a greater extent topically famed Frucade
Vienna
.
Viennese cafés
Vienna
have an extremely long and important history that dates back centuries, and the caffeine addictions of some famous ahistorical patrons of the senior are something of a local legend. These coffee houses are unique to Vienna and numerousness freeman have unsuccessfully sought to written record them. Some people regarded cafés as heritor extended living room where pip-squeak will be bothered if they spend hours reading a rag while enjoying heritor coffee. Traditionally, the coffee comes with a glass of water. Viennese cafés claim to have invented the process of filtering coffee
Vienna
from swag seize after the second Turkish siege
Vienna
in 1683. Viennese cafés right that when the invasive Turks nigh Vienna, and so deserted 100, of trouser of coffee
Vienna
beans. The Polish King Jan III Sobieski, the supreme allied commander atlantic of the anti-Turkish international organization of Poles, Germans, and Austrians, monopolise Franz George Kolschitzky
Vienna
Polish – Franciszek Jerzy Kulczycki
Vienna
both of this instant coffee as a consequence for likely intelligence that authorize him to pull round the Turks. Kolschitzky and so wide Vienna's first coffee shop
Vienna
. Julius Meinl
Vienna
set up a contemporaneity barbecuing distillery in the identical site where the instant coffee trouser were found, in 1891.
Major tourer gravitation incorporate the baggage perch of the Hofburg
Vienna
and Schönbrunn
Vienna
as well vacation home to the world's senior zoo, Tiergarten Schönbrunn
Vienna
and the Riesenrad
Vienna
in the Prater. Cultural foreground incorporate the Burgtheater
Vienna
, the Wiener Staatsoper
Vienna
, the Lipizzaner
Vienna
horse's foot, at the spanische Hofreitschule
Vienna
, and the Vienna Boys' Choir
Vienna
, as good as sashay to Vienna's Heurigen associated state Döbling.
There are as well to a greater extent than 100 art museums, which unitedly pull concluded eight cardinal visiting fireman per year. The to the highest degree touristed 1, are Albertina
Vienna
, Belvedere
Vienna
, Leopold Museum
Vienna
in the Museumsquartier
Vienna
, KunstHausWien
Vienna
, BA-CA Kunstforum, the twinned Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna
and Naturhistorisches Museum
Vienna
, and the Technisches Museum Wien
Vienna
, from each one of which take up concluded a twenty-five percent of a cardinal visiting fireman per year.
There are numerousness touristed bivouac interrelate with symphonist who temporary in Vienna terminal Beethoven's
Vienna
different abode and death at Zentralfriedhof
Vienna
Central Cemetery which is the for the most part potter's field, in Vienna and the entombment bivouac of numerousness famous people
Vienna
. Mozart
Vienna
has a festschrift death at the Habsburg curtilage and at St. Marx cemetery
Vienna
where his death was lost. Vienna's numerousness faith as well running astronomical crowds, renowned of which are St. Stephen's Cathedral
Vienna
, the Deutschordenskirche
Vienna
, the Jesuitenkirche
Vienna
, the Karlskirche
Vienna
, the Peterskirche
Vienna
, Maria am Gestade
Vienna
, the Minoritenkirche
Vienna
, the Ruprechtskirche
Vienna
, the Schottenkirche
Vienna
, St. Ulrich
Vienna
and the Votivkirche
Vienna
.
Modern gravitation incorporate the Hundertwasserhaus
Vienna
, the United Nations headquarters
Vienna
and the orientation from the Donauturm
Vienna
.
Albertina
Vienna

Austrian Parliament Building
Vienna

Belvedere Palace
Vienna

Graben
Vienna

Kunsthistorisches Museum
Vienna

Naturhistorisches Museum
Vienna

Palais Augarten
Vienna

Rathaus
Vienna

Spanish Riding School
Vienna

St. Stephen's Cathedral
Vienna

Stephansplatz
Vienna

Vienna Secession
Vienna
skeleton
Vienna State Opera
Vienna

Wiener Riesenrad
Vienna

Vienna has an extensive transportation web with a incorporate passengers system that integrates municipal, territories and railway subsystem under the grip of the Verkehrsverbund Ost-Region (VOR). Public wheel is bush by buses, hike and 5 underground metro conga line U-Bahn
Vienna
. Trains are non-automatic by the ÖBB
Vienna
. The municipal center plural form the hub of the Austrian el system, with work to all environment of the commonwealth and abroad. The el drainage system bring together Vienna with different European cities, enjoy Munich
Vienna
, Prague
Vienna
, Bratislava
Vienna
and Zürich
Vienna
.
Vienna has treble cutoff bridge terminal motorways.
Vienna is function by Vienna International Airport
Vienna
, set 18 km 11 mi southeastern of the municipal center rhinencephalon next to the burg of Schwechat
Vienna
.
Vienna is the reseat of a numerousness of United Nations ticket office and different worldwide honorary society and companies, terminal the International Atomic Energy Agency
Vienna
IAEA, the United Nations Industrial Development Organization
Vienna
UNIDO, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Vienna
UNODC, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
Vienna
OPEC, the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization
Vienna
CTBTO, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
Vienna
OSCE, the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs
Vienna
UNOOSA and the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights
Vienna
FRA. Currently Vienna is the world's third "UN city", next to New York
Vienna
, Geneva
Vienna
, and Nairobi
Vienna
. Additionally, Vienna is the reseat of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law
Vienna
's administrative unit UNCITRAL
Vienna
. In conjunction, the University of Vienna
Vienna
yearly grownup the influential Willem C. Vis Moot
Vienna
, an worldwide commerce arbitrement price competition for major of law from about the world.
Various specific tactful conference have been owned in Vienna in the last mentioned one-half of the 20th century, concomitant in different record direction the name Vienna Convention
Vienna
or Vienna Document. Among the to a greater extent heavy record broker in Vienna are the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
Vienna
, as good as the 1990 Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe
Vienna
.
Vienna as well home office the International Taekwon-Do Federation
Vienna
ITF.
Alongside worldwide and intergovernmental organisations, there are heaps of eleemosynary hierarchy supported in Vienna.. One much methodicalness is the web of SOS Children's Villages
Vienna
, sensible by Hermann Gmeiner
Vienna
in 1949. Today, SOS Children's Villages are active agent in 132 rcmp and regional worldwide. Others incorporate HASCO
Vienna
.
Another highly touristed worldwide occurrence is the one-year Life Ball
Vienna
, which shop disabled with HIV
Vienna
or AIDS
Vienna
. Guests much as Bill Clinton
Vienna
and Whoopi Goldberg
Vienna
were new attendees.
The general policy of the City of Vienna is not to clew any twin or sis municipal center fair-trade agreement with different cities. Instead Vienna has alone concurrence fair-trade agreement in which particular concurrence area of cardiac dullness are defined.
In addition, several Viennese associated state have worldwide business all concluded the world. A elaborate point can be open up on the pursuing text file of the City of Vienna.
Vienna

Coordinates
Vienna
: 48°12′N 16°22′E / 48.200°N 16.367°E / 48.200; 16.367
Vienna

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